V TO THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITES MEXICAN STATES AND THE UNITED STATES
OF AMERICA ON THE COOPERATION FOR THE PROTECTION AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE
ENVIRONMENT IN THE BORDER AREAS ("The La Paz Agreement")
Recalling that in the preamble to Annex
V the Parties affirm their intention to ensure a reduction in air
pollution concentrations for the benefit of their citizens living
in the urban areas along the United States-Mexico border; and
Recognizing the importance of the participation
of the local communities in carrying out the efforts to achieve
The Parties, having
decided to establish a Joint Advisory Committee for the Improvement
of Air Quality (hereinafter "The Committee") in the Ciudad Juárez,
Chihuahua/El Paso, Texas/Doña Ana County, New Mexico Air
Basin (hereinafter "air basin")
Have agreed as follows:
The air basin is defined
as the geographic area that includes El Paso County, Texas, and
those parts of Doña Ana County, New Mexico and the metropolitan
area of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua that are within 100km of the border.
The Committee is established
for the purpose of developing and presenting recommendations
to the Air Work Group established under the La Paz Agreement regarding
strategies for the prevention and control of air pollution in the air basin.
SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES
The Committee may develop recommendations
for the Air Work Group on:
a)The joint development of studies and analyses on air quality monitoring and modeling, and air pollution prevention and abatement strategies in the air basin;
b) Exchanges of information on air quality matters such as air quality data, air emissions data, and data on compliance with each Party's air standards;
c) Technical assistance programs, technology exchanges, and training in areas relevant to preventing and reducing air pollution in the air basin;
d) Environmental education and outreach programs for the general public relevant
to preventing and reducing air pollution in the air basin;
e) Exploring strategies to prevent and reduce air pollution in the air basin, including
recommendations on emissions trading and other economic incentives as well as improving
the compatibility of air quality programs in the air basin; and
f) Such other air quality improvement issues as the Committee may deem to be pertinent
to the air basin and as may be recommended by the Parties.
The Parties will provide a guidance
document to the Committee detailing more specific subject areas
which the Committee should consider. This guidance document may
be updated periodically by the Parties.
The recommendations may include
analyses of the estimated costs, and possible financial sources,
to implement the recommendations. The recommendations may also address
the availability of technology and training necessary for their
The Committee will consist of 20 persons, ten
of whom are to be selected by each Party, in close consultation with
state and local governmental officials and the public in the air basin.
The ten U.S. representatives invited to serve
on the Committee will include:
(i) one representative of the federal government;
(ii) one representative from each of the governments of the States of Texas and New Mexico;
(iii) one representative from local government in El Paso, Texas;
(iv) one representative from local government in Doña Ana County, New Mexico; and
(v) five persons, residing in the air basin, who are not employed by federal or any state or
local government.At least one of these five persons will be a representative
of the business community and at least one will be a representative
of a non governmental organization, a major portion of whose activities
concerns air pollution.
The ten Mexican representatives invited to serve on the Committee will include:
(i) one representative of the National Institute of Ecology (INE-SEMARNAP);
(ii) one representative of the Federal Attorney for Environmental Protection;
(iii) one representative of the federal health and welfare agency (SSA);
(iv) one representative of the environmental authorities of the State of Chihuahua;
(v) one representative of the environmental authorities of the Municipality of Ciudad Juárez; and
(vi) five Mexican citizens, residing in Ciudad Juárez, who are not employed by federal, state, or local government.
At least one of these five persons will be a representative of the private sector,
at least one will be a representative of a non governmental organization,
a major portion of whose activities concerns air pollution, at least one
will be a representative of the academic institutions of Ciudad Juárez,
and at least one will be a representative of the Consulting Council for
Sustainable Development in the Northern Region.
The federal representative
will preside over the Committee.
The Committee will make decisions by consensus.
The Committee will establish it own rules of procedure, subject to approval
by the Parties.
Meetings of the Committee will generally be open to the public.
The Air Work Group will consider the recommendations of the Committee and inform
the Committee of any action taken pursuant to such recommendations.
The recommendations of the Committee will not be binding on the Air Work Group
or the Parties.
ENTRY INTO FORCE
The Parties will periodically review the implementation of the Appendix.
This Appendix will remain in force indefinitely, unless one of the Parties notifies the other in writing
through diplomatic channels of its intention to terminate it, in which case the Appendix shall terminate six months after
the date of such notification.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized
by their respective governments, have signed this Apendix.
Done at Mexico City, this __day of May, 1996 in the English and Spanish languages
both texts being equally authentic.
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; THE UNITED MEXICAN STATES